Google is not liable for 1.115 billion Euros ($1.272 billion) in unpaid taxes claimed by the French state.
The French company Google Ireland Limited (GIL) is not taxable in France for the 2005 to 2010 period,” the court ruled.
Google paid just 6.7 million Euros in corporate taxes in 2015 in France by booking revenues for its online empire at its European subsidiary in low-tax Ireland, a legal loophole prized by multinationals.
The group employs 700 people in France but advertising contracts for its search engine or video-sharing website YouTube are signed with its Irish subsidiary.
The French claim was the latest in a series against the California-based group, which faces mounting legal problems in the EU.
European action has become increasingly aggressive against US technology giants Amazon, Facebook and Apple as well as Google.
The EU hit Google with a record 2.4 billion euro fine on June 27 for abusing its dominant position in the search engine business and illegally favoring its own shopping service over rivals.
In 2016, European competition chief Margrethe Vestager shocked Washington and the world by ordering iPhone manufacturer Apple to repay 13 billion Euros in back taxes in Ireland after paying a near-zero rate of tax some years.
Newly elected French President Emmanuel Macron promised to get tough on US internet giants during his campaign, seeing their low tax rates as a source of resentment about globalization and unfair on European companies.
The government’s public accounts ministry said later Wednesday that it was weighing an appeal.
“The administration has two months to appeal these rulings and is already working to this end,” it said in a statement.
Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire had said Sunday: “It is time Europe got a grip and defended its interests, making Google, Amazon and Facebook pay the taxes they owe European taxpayers.”
The French claim was significantly higher than the amount Google agreed to pay Italian and British tax authorities over its tax arrangements with its Irish subsidiary.
In May, the group agreed to pay 306 million Euros to Italian authorities. Last year, it struck a deal with Britain to pay £130 million (170 million Euros) for a decade of business, which was criticized at the time by opposition MPs as being too low.
The French claim was a fraction of the company’s annual profits: In April, Alphabet, Google’s parent company, declared a 29 percent jump in profit to $5.4 billion in the first quarter of 2017.